The fourth step is to identify and place all dependent clauses.

Relative Clauses

Relative clauses are clauses based around a relative pronoun. A relative pronoun connects (relates) the clause to the noun it modifies.

There are three relative clauses in our practice passage below. Find the relative clauses and place them in the proper place in the sentence flow.

Click on the relative clauses and decide which word each modifies.

Click on a relative clause
Good. Which word does this clause modify?
Great Job! You have placed all the relative clause.

For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him. He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. - John 3:16-18
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This is one of those special cases where the relative pronoun also functions as the noun which is described.
Whoever believes should be read as The one who believes.
Therefore, the relative clause contains the word it modifies (whoever).
Sorry, try again
Subject Verb Direct Object
[whoever] shall (not) perish [none]

whoever     believes
                in him

He is (not) judged [none]

who         believes
                in him

He has been judged [none]

who         does (not) believe
                        in him